Copyright = Always an issue…
In my EADM class [education administration] we talked about copyright laws in schools… Most schools have a “CANCOPY” sign above the photocopier informing teachers of what they can and can’t copy… The school that I interned at didn’t, so I was unaware that these “signs” or “issues” (to such an extent) even existed…
Teachers and Copyright… (Young, Levin, Wallin, 2006)
-Copyright law is an interesting example of the division between personal and property rights – written material, music, art, videos, and computer software are all considered property, just like a house or a car.
-Copyright law, which comes under the jurisdiction of the federal government, restricts a person from using someone else’s work without the originator’s permission – often this means that one must pay to reproduce by any mechanical or electronic means a book, article, or other material – in other words, the right of the community to benefit from ideas is subordinated to the right of the individual to profit from them.
-Teachers cannot make multiple copies of an article or play for an entire class – nor is it permissible to rewrite something in slightly different language and then copy it.
-Libraries have placed warning over photocopying machines to discourage people from making illegal copies.
-Teachers cannot legally videotape a television program for class use unless formal permission has been given by the copyright holder.
-Provincial governements, acting on behalf of schools, have entered into agreements with an organization called CANCOPY in order to allow schools to make limited numbers and kinds of copies for nonprofit educational purposes – the province pays CANCOPY a fee for these rights, and CANCOPY in turn distributes these monies to authors, artists, and any other creators of the work – they allow some (but by no means unlimited) photocopying of stories, plays, articles, poems, books, and artictic works – typically CANCOPY agreements allow unbound class sets of up to 10 percent of a publication.
-There are restrictions on what can be copied, so teachers should obtain full details from their school library or administration to ensure that they are complying with the copyright laws.
-CANCOPY agreements do not include non-print materials such as videos or comupter software – computer software is sometimes covered by a site licence that allows an organization to use software in all parts of its operation without having to buy multiple copies.
-Another major issue is the use of materials from the internet – these are frequently used by students but are legally copyrighted and should not be reproduced without permission.
-The federal government has indicated its intention to amend copyright legislation to include electronic forms, leading to considerable debate as to how access to electronic information will be maintained for Canadian schools…